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Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Dr Ali Muhammed Shein ahimiza maendeleo kwa Zanzibar!

   

Spider venom may hold chemical keys to new painkillers

Spider venom may hold chemical keys to new painkillers

In research they said could one day lead to a new class of potent painkillers, the scientists focused on 206 species of spider and searched for molecules in the venom that block nerve activity, particular via so-called “Nav1.7 channels”.


London: Scientists who analysed countless chemicals in spider venom say they have identified seven compounds that block a key step in the body’s ability to pass pain signals to the brain.

In research they said could one day lead to a new class of potent painkillers, the scientists focused on 206 species of spider and searched for molecules in the venom that block nerve activity, particular via so-called “Nav1.7 channels”.

Experts estimate that as many as one in five people worldwide suffer from chronic pain and existing pain treatments often fail to give sufficient or long-term relief. Pain’s economic burden is also huge, with chronic pain estimated to cost $600 billion a year in the United States alone.

People sense pain in a part of their body when nerves from the affected area send signals to the brain through what is called the pain pathway, and it is this pathway scientists seek to disrupt when searching for potential new pain medicines.

Dar residents to benefit from solar home solution

Rex Energy
A New solar energy long-term solution has been launched in Tanzania, targeting to serve about 1.5 million households by 2030.
Solar energy solution provider -Rex Energy- in collaboration with Solaric, has launched the 3G+ Solar Home System (3G+ SHS), the first solar home solution.
Available in pay-as-you-go model the technology enables customers to purchase and use the solar system after an upfront payment of at least 15 per cent. The remaining payments can be made within 12 months through mobile money systems.
The technology was launched in Dar es Salaam yesterday by the  Acting Commissioner for Renewable Energy Paul Kiwere on behalf of the Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Energy and Minerals, Eng Ngosi Mwihava. He said the country’s economic development largely depends on availability of stable energy.
Praising the partnership of Solaric and Rex Energy, he expressed the government’s commitment towards supporting initiatives engineered by the country’s private sector and said:
“I call upon all private sector enterprises and NGOs to join hands with the government to promote a truly sustainable and inclusive development, notably in rural areas.”

Mafunzo ya kukabiliana na ugonjwa wa Ebola

 Mshauri wa mambo ya Afya kutoka Shirika la Afya la Umoja wa Mataifa (WHO) Dk. Andemichael Ghirmay akitoa hutuba yake ya ufunguzi wa kuwajengea uwezo wafanyakazi wa sekta ya Afya Zanzibar kukabiliana na ugonjwa wa Ebola, mafunzo hayo ya siku tatu yanafanyika Hoteli ya Zanzibar Beach Resort na yamezaminiwa na WHO.
 Mgeni rasmin Katibu Mkuu Wizara ya Afya Zanzibar Dkt. Mohammed Jidawi akifungua mafunzo ya siku tatu ya kuwajengea uwezo wafanyakazi wa sekta ya Afya Zanzibar kukabiliana na ugonjwa wa Ebola.
 Sehemu ya washiriki wa mafunzo hayo wakimsikiliza Mgeni rasmin Katibu Mkuu Wizara ya Afya Zanzibar Dkt. Mohammed Jidawi (hayupo pichani) wakati alipokua akifungua mafunzo hayo huko Hoteli ya Zanzibar Beach Resort Mjini Unguja
 Sehemu ya washiriki wa mafunzo hayo wakimsikiliza Mgeni rasmin Katibu Mkuu Wizara ya Afya Zanzibar Dkt. Mohammed Jidawi (hayupo pichani) wakati alipokua akifungua mafunzo hayo huko Hoteli ya Zanzibar Beach Resort Mjini Unguja
 Mmoja wawakufunzi kutoka Shirika la Afya la Umoja wa Mataifa (WHO) anaefanyia kazi Tanzania Dk. Grace Saguti akifafanua jambo alipokuwa akiwasilisha mada yake.
Mgeni rasmin Dkt. Jidawi katika picha ya pamoja na washiriki wa mafunzo ya siku tatu ya kukabiliana na ugonjwa wa Ebola yanayofanyika Hoteli ya Zanzibar Beach. Picha na Makame Mshenga-Maelezo Zanzibar.
Chanzo: ZanziNews

Kapteni Komba aacha historia.

Aliyekuwa Mbunge wa Mbinga Magharibi (CCM), Kapteni mstaafu John Komba.
Aliyekuwa Mbunge wa Mbinga Magharibi (CCM), Kapteni mstaafu John Komba, amezikwa katika kijiji cha Lituhi wilaya ya Nyasa mkoani Ruvuma huku akiacha historia kutokana na mazishi yake kuhudhuriwa na umati wa watu wakiwamo viongozi waandamizi wa serikali na vyama vya siasa.
 
Rais Jakaya Kikwete jana aliongoza viongozi na wananchi walioshiriki katika mazishi hayo yaliyofanyika saa 10:00 jioni katika kijiji hicho .
 
Mbali na Rais Kikwete, viongozi wengine waliohudhuria mazishi ya Komba ambaye pia alikuwa Mjumbe wa Halmashauri Kuu ya Taifa (NEC) ya Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) ni Waziri Mkuu mstaafu, Edward Lowassa; Waziri wa Kilimo, Chakula na Ushirika, Steven Wasira na Waziri wa Nchi, Ofisi ya Rais (Kazi Maalum), Profesa Mark Mwandosya.
 
Wengine ni Waziri wa Habari, Vijana, Utamaduni na Michezo, Dk. Fenela Mkangara; Waziri wa Nchi, Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu (Sera, Uratibu na Bunge), Jenister Mhagama; Spika wa Bunge,  Anne Makinda; Naibu Waziri wa Fedha, Mwigulu Nchemba na Katibu Mkuu wa CCM, abdulrahman-Kinana. 

Unajua unapaswa kulala saa ngapi kwa siku?


  • Usingizi asili yake nini? Ni swali alilowahi kuuliza mwanamuziki Dk Remmy Ongala na bendi yake ya Super Matimila katika moja ya nyimbo zake. Lakini katika hali ya kawaida, usingizi unaweza kuelezewa kuwa ni hali inayomtokea binadamu katika kila saa 24, ikisukumwa na ubongo wake ili kukamilisha siku.
Shirika la Afya Duniani (WHO) linaielezea afya ya binadamu kuwa ni hali ya kustawi kimwili, kiakili na kijamii na siyo kukosa maradhi pekee.
Hata hivyo, wengi hawafahamu ukweli huo ambao unaweza kuwa ndiyo sababu ya kufanya mambo yanayoweza kuhatarisha afya za jamii.
Usingizi ni moja ya mambo yanayoweza kuathiri afya ya mtu. Kulala zaidi au kutolala vya kutosha ni hatari kwa afya.
Hivyo ndivyo ukweli ulivyo kiafya, ingawa tatizo lililopo ni kwamba, wengi hawajui walale muda gani na kwa sababu zipi.
Hili ni tatizo kubwa duniani na linasumbua watu wengi. Kupungua kwa ufanisi katika utendani wa shughuli mbalimbali ni miongoni mwa sababu zinazohusishwa na kutolala. Taasisi ya National Sleep Foundation ya Marekani, mwanzon mwa Februari ilitoa ripoti mpya inayoainisha saa za kulala kulingana na umri wa kila mtu. Ripoti hiyo imetokana na tafiti tofauti.
Kutokana na majibu ya utafiti huo mpya, sasa mtu anaweza kulala kwa muda unaofaa ili kuifanya afya iwe imara bila kujali kazi anayofanya, bali umri.
Ripoti hiyo ya kitaalamu iliyotolewa na jopo la wanasayansi na watafiti 18 kwa kupitia tafiti zaidi ya 300, inaonyesha kuwa watu wanapaswa kulala zaidi tofauti na ripoti za awali zinavyoeleza.
Watoto walale muda gani?
Utafiti huo unaeleza kuwa watoto wachanga, wenye umri wa mwezi mmoja hadi miezi mitatu wanahitaji kulala kwa kati ya saa 14 mpaka 17.
Wenye miezi minne mpaka 11 wanatakiwa kulala kwa saa kati ya 12 mpaka 15, wakati wale wa mwaka mmoja na miwili wanahitaji saa 11 mpaka 14.
Wanafunzi chekechea hadi vyuo vikuu
Wenye umri wa kusoma chekechea, ambao ni miaka mitatu hadi mitano, wanahitaji saa 10 mpaka 13, wakati wale wa shule za msingi, wa umri kati ya miaka sita hadi 13, wanahitaji kati ya saa tisa mpaka 11 za kulala.
Wanafunzi wa sekondari, wenye miaka kati ya 14 na 17, wanashauriwa kutumia muda wa saa nane hadi kumi.

NANI KAMA NYERERE????

Image result for julius nyerere

Hajatokea kama Mwalimu Nyerere

KWA UFUPI
Hotuba yake nzuri iliyovuta wengi, ilikuwa kama mbegu iliyopandwa moyoni mwangu, siyo siri kwamba tangu kipindi hicho, nilivutiwa kuingia katika harakati na hasa suala zima la haki za wanyonge.
Nilikutana na Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere kwa mara ya kwanza mwaka 1978. Mimi nilikuwa Seminari ya Likonde wilayani Mbinga. Mwalimu alikuja kutembelea Kijiji cha Amani Makoro.
Hotuba yake nzuri iliyovuta wengi, ilikuwa kama mbegu iliyopandwa moyoni mwangu, siyo siri kwamba tangu kipindi hicho, nilivutiwa kuingia katika harakati na hasa suala zima la haki za wanyonge.
Mara ya mwisho, nilikutana naye huko Musoma mwaka 1998, wakati wa sherehe za Jubilei ya miaka 25 ya upadri wa Askofu wa Jimbo la Musoma, Mhashamu Justin Samba. Nilipopeana naye mkono, sikujua kuwa hiyo ndiyo ilikuwa siku yangu ya mwisho ya kuagana naye.
Nilimpenda kutokana na mengi. Alikuwa mkweli, anayechukia waziwazi matendo ya dhuluma, uonevu na ukandamizaji wa namna yoyote ile. Mwalimu alikuwa na upendo wa kweli na mzalendo kwelikweli.
Kama mtu niliyepata bahati ya kuhudumia watu katika mambo ya kiroho, namhesabu Mwalimu Nyerere kama “mtumishi” wa watu wote bila kubagua dini, rangi, kabila au tabaka la maskini na tajiri. Kibiblia, namwona kama ni Musa aliyetumwa na Mungu kuwakomboa Watanzania.